For readers who would like to experience this book as an educational resource, we offer a number of additional references: audio material, book titles, and talks that expand on the ideas offered by this anthology. Among the sources listed below are works by and about Black artists and designers whose ideas intersect with the contributors to The Black Experience in Design, as well as writings and lectures by a number of this book’s contributors. While this is not an exhaustive list, it does attempt to build upon the topics, themes, experiences, lessons, criticisms, and provocations shared in this book. You can also use the references and bibliographies accompanying the essays in this book to gain a deeper understanding of the topics they cover.
Adams, Cey and Beckman, Janette. The Mash-Up: Hip Hop Photos Remixed by Iconic Graffiti Artists. New York: Hat & Beard LLC, 2019
Barber, Tiffany E., Nettrice Gaskins, Ricardo Guthrie, Grace Gipson, Ken McLeod, Andrew Rollins, Lonny Avi Brooks et al. Afrofuturism 2.0: The Rise of Astro-blackness. Lexington Books, 2015.
Benjamin, Ruha. Race after technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2019.
Bennett, Audrey C. and Heller, Steven. Design Studies: Theory and Research in Graphic Design. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. 2006.
Birdsong, Mia. How We Show Up: Reclaiming Family, Friendship, and Community. New York: Hachette Books, 2020
Lonny J. Avi Brooks and Barbara Keyser (eds). Gaming as Imagination Technology. San Diego: Cognella Academic Publishing, 2013.
brown, adrienne maree. Emergent Strategy: Shaping Change, Changing Worlds. Oakland, CA: AK Press, 2017.
Butler, Octavia. Parable of the Sower. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1993.
Crenshaw, Kimberle (ed.). Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings That Formed the Movement. New York: The New Press, 1995.
Douglas, Emory. Black Panther: The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas (with new introduction by Colette Gaiter). New York: Rizzoli, 2014.
W.E.B. DuBois Center at the University of Massachusetts. W. E. B. Du Bois's Data Portraits: Visualizing Black America, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2018.
Duffy, Damian and Jennings, John. Octavia Butler's Kindred: A Graphic Novel Adaptation. New York: Abrams Comicarts, 2018.
Eglash, Ron. African fractals: Modern computing and indigenous design. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1999.
Escobar, Arturo. Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence, Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2018.
Haygood, Wil. I Too Sing America: The Harlem Renaissance at 100. New York: Rizzoli, 2018.
hooks, bell. Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom. New York: Routledge, 1994.
Jennings, John and Duffy, Damian. Black Comix Returns. St. Louis: Magnetic Press, 2020.
Jolivette, Andrew (ed.) Research Justice: Methodologies for Social Change. Chicago: Policy Press at the University of Chicago, 2015.
Kince, Eli. Visual Puns in Design: The Pun Used as a Communications Tool. 1982. (currently out of print)
Levine, Gabriel. Art and Tradition in a Time of Uprisings. Boston: MIT Press, 2020.
M’Rithaa, Mugendi K. Universal Design in Majority World Contexts: sports mega-events as catalysts for social change. Moldova: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011.
Mafundikwa, Saki. Afrikan Alphabets: the story of writing in Afrika, Brooklyn: Mark Batty Publisher; 2006. (currently out of print)
Morgan, Jo-Ann. The Black Arts Movement and the Black Panther Party in American Visual Culture. New York: Routledge, 2018.
Niemann, Yolanda Flores, Gutierrez y Muhs, Gabriella, and Gonzalez Carmen G. Presumed Incompetent: Race, Class, Power, and Resistance of Women in Academia. Louisville, CO: Utah State University Press, 2020.
Nucera, Diana and Onuoha, Mimi. The People’s Guide to A.I. Brooklyn: Pioneer Works Press, 2020 (out of print)
Okorafor, Nnedi. Binti: The Complete Trilogy. New York: DAW Books, 2020
Nell Irvin Painter. Old in Art School: A Memoir of Starting Over. New York: Catapult, 2018.
David Pilgrim. Understanding Jim Crow: Using Racist Memorabilia to Teach Tolerance and Promote Social Justice. Oakland: Ferris State University and PM Press, 2015.
Leigh Raiford and Heike Raphael-Hernandez (eds). Migrating the Black Body: The African Diaspora and Visual Culture. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2017.
Bahia Shebab and Haytham Nawar. A History of Arab Graphic Design. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2020.
Linda Tuhiwai Smith. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books, 1999.
Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor. How We Get Free: Feminism and the Combahee River Collective. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2012.
Ebony Elizabeth Thomas, The Dark Fantastic: Race and the Imagination from Harry Potter to the Hunger Games. New York: New York University Press, 2019.
Adreinne Waheed. Black Joy and Resistance (with introduction by Rhea Combs). Brooklyn: Waheedpix, 2018.
Kelly Walters. Black, Brown + Latinx Design Educators: Conversations on Design and Race. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2021.
Ted Wells (ed). Bohemian Highways: Art & Culture Abide Then Divide Along the California Coast (with essay by Colette Gaiter). Lakewood, WA: Guardian Stewardship Editions; 2015.
Michelle Joan Wilkinson. For Whom It Stands: The Flag and the American People. Baltimore: Reginald F. Lewis Museum, 2016. (currently out of print)
Craig Wilkins. The Aesthetics of Equity: Notes on Race, Space, Architecture, and Music. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.
Ytasha Womack. Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 2013.
ARTICLES AND OTHER WRITTEN WORKS
Benjamin, Ruha. "Innovating inequity: If race is a technology, postracialism is the Genius Bar." Ethnic and racial studies 39, no. 13 (2016): 2227-2234.
Bennett, Audrey C., “Towards an autochthonic black aesthetic for graphic design pedagogy,” Journal of Design Research 3, no. 2 (2003): 61-70.
Berry, Anne H., “The Black Designer’s Identity,” Recognize Anthology, 2019
Berry, Anne H., “The Virtual Design Classroom,” Communication Arts, 2021
Crenshaw, Kimberlé, Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Anti-discrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics, (University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989).
Gaiter, Colette, “Visualizing a Black Future: Emory Douglas and the Black Panther Party,” Journal of Visual Culture, December 17, 2018
hooks, bell, “An Aesthetic of Blackness: Strange and Oppositional,” Lenox Avenue: A Journal of Interarts Inquiry 1 (1995): 65–72.
Jackson, Dorothy, “The Black Experience in Graphic Design: 1968 and 2020,” The Letterform Archive, July 8, 2020.
Khandwala, Anoushka, “Decolonization Means Many Things to Many People – Four Practitioners Discuss Decolonizing Design,” AIGA Eye on Design, February 20, 2020.
M’Rithaa, Mugendi K, “The Afrikan Maker: hacking our way into a hybrid future,” pp. 21-30 in S. O’Hara; V. Bradburry & J. Newin (eds), Art Hack Practice: Critical Intersections of Art, Innovation and the Maker Movement. London: Routledge.
Miller, Cheryl D., “Black Designers Missing in Action,” Print, 1987.
Murphy, Zoe Loring, “Threads: Unpicking the Writing Systems Embedded in African Textiles,” Femme Type, October 18, 2021.
Rittner, Jennifer (ed), “The Policing Issue,” Design Museum Magazine, Spring 2020.
Rittner, Jennifer et al., ”Design Leadership: Now What?” Medium, 2020.
Walters, Kelly, "Open Dialogue: Artists and Designers of Afro-Caribbean Descent,” Design & Culture, Volume 12, Issue 1.
Walters, Kelly and Khandwala, Anoushka, “On Breaking Down Power Structures, Navigating Tokenism + Building Community in Design Education,” AIGA Eye on Design, 2020
Walters, Kelly and Sales, Kaleena, "Perspectives & Reflections: Thoughts on Identity, Race, and Design Education," AIGA Design Educators Blog, 2020.
Wilkins, Craig, “It’s Time For Architects to Accept Responsibility,” Curbed, July 21, 2021.
Williams, Lauren (edited by Nida Adbullah), “not even the icing on the cake,” Criticisms on Design Pedagogy: On the Redistribution of Power!, February 2021
RECORDED TALKS AND LECTURES
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi, “The danger of a single story,” TED2009
Aye, George (Host), “Restorative Design Conference 2020,” Greater Good Studio, Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/showcase/7637393
Benjamin, Ruha, “Interrogating Equity,” National Academies, Vimeo. December 1-3, 2015, https://vimeo.com/149199807
Cherry, Maurice, “Where are the Black Designers?” Open Transcripts, March 23, 2015, https://opentranscripts.org/transcript/where-are-the-black-designers/
Charwey, Simon (Host), “Typographics Conference Day 9,” The Cooper Union. YouTube, June 29, 2021, https://youtube.com/watch?v=BU0unlOY8yU&t=1s
Eglash, Ron, “The Fractals at the Heart of African Designs.” TEDGlobal 2007
Gibson, Dustin, “Grounding Movements in Disability Justice,” DJGrounding, YouTube. April 23, 2020, https://youtube.com/watch?v=yqodsyDjvjw
Hyphen Labs, “Virtual Reality: NeuroSpeculative AfroFeminism / BK Stories,” BricTV, December 11, 2018, https://youtube.com/watch?v=SxnE3zOkKj0
Jennings, John, “The Souls of Black Comix,” Weapons of Mass Creation Fest, 2013, Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/90150778
Kennedy, Amos, “Amos Kennedy Prints Timelapse Video,” Daylight Blue Media, Vimeo. February 16-19, 2011
Mafundikwa, Saki, “Ingenuity and elegance in ancient African alphabets,” TED2013
Mafundikwa, Saki and Red Wing, Sadie, “Sparks Series: Design Education as Activism, Advocacy, & Sovereignty,” Design for America, YouTube. Sept 2, 2020
Steiner, Marc and Douglas, Emory, “The Life and Times of Emory Douglas, Minister of Culture in the Black Panther ... .” YouTube. Real News Network, November 14, 2014
Turner, Farmer Renard, “This Black Farmer Changed My Life! - First Time I Saw Farmer Turner Speak (Black Farmer Series),” YouTube. (14:46), Oct 17, 2018
Winchester III, Woodrow W, “Primer 2020 – Engaging the Black Ethos: Afrofuturism as a Design Lens for Inclusive Technological Innovation.” Design Futures Initiative, Vimeo. 2020
Wray, Dr. S. Ama (video host), “Ash Baccus-Clark: Theater of the Mind.” Vimeo, January 21-22, 2021, https://vimeo.com/502289264
Center for Urban Pedagogy, Rick and Dick: A Visual Primer
Creative Reaction Lab, Field Guide: Equity Centered Community Design
Dignity in Schools, Restorative and Transformative Justice Toolkit
Gibson, Dustin P., Disabled Elders Fund
Mercer, Lisa and Moses, Terresa, Racism Untaught: Revealing and Unlearning Racialized Design, https://racismuntaught.com
National Equity Project, Liberatory Design Card Deck
National Innovation Service, Equity-based Decision-Making Framework
Noel, Lesley-Ann, Critical Alphabet
African American Policy Forum
Afrorithms from the Future
BIPoC Design History
Black Organizing for Leadership and Dignity (BOLD)
City as a Living Laboratory (CALL)
Cogburn Research Group, 1,000 Cut Journey
Design as Protest Collective
Fungi Dube, Threads: A visual journey through the writing and graphic systems embedded in Afrikan textiles
Festac ‘77 Archive
Jon Gray of Ghetto Gastro Selects, Cooper-Hewitt
Annika Hansteen-Izora, Creative Ecosystems & Funds Supporting Black Folks, docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1VHrlB9u6RpGjZK_SW-JKf7t-QehBdBF7EVF8Qd-j02s/edit#gid=1233848735
HMNTY CNTRD, courses and masterclasses
Ikire Jones. Our Future Heritage collection, 2017
Kerry James Marshall on Art21 (video)
Nan. Designing Afrikan Fonts: The N’ko Alphabet
Native Graphic Designers List
Pan-African Design Institute
Stony Island Arts Bank
World Design Organization
Aaraj, Grace (Host). Design for Spatial Justice, “Craig Wilkins: Design Activism – The Desire and the Necessity,” (University of Oregon), March 23, 2021
Best, Ahmed and Brooks, Dr. Lonny (Hosts). The Afrofuturist Podcast.
brown, adrienne maree and Reagon, Toshi (Hosts). Octavia’s Parables, “BONUS: Earthseed verses zine from a member of our Facebook community!” September 14, 2021
Calmese, Dario (Host). The Institute of Black Imagination.
Cherry, Maurice (Host). Revision Path, “Emory Douglas,” Episode 5, January 20, 2014, https://revisionpath.com/emory-douglas/
Crenshaw, Kimberle (Host). Intersectionality Matters, “The Story of Us (Parts I and II),” March 23 and April 16, 2021
Day, Leila and Baba, Hana (Hosts). The Stoop: Stories from Across the Black Diaspora, “All Black Everything?” December 18, 2019 (art by Neema Iyer)
Demby, Gene (Host). Code Switch, “A Utopia for Black Capitalism (the story of Soul City),” NPR, April 21, 2021
Farber, Paul (Host). Monument Lab, “Monumental “Local Diaspora” in St. Louis with MADAD’s Damon Davis, Mallory Rukhsana Nezam, and De Nichols” Episode 27
Kumanyika, Chenjerai and Hitt, Jack (Hosts). Uncivil, “The Takedown,” Gimlet, October 18, 2017
Lopez, Sabine Maxine (Host). A Tribe Called Queer
Martin, Jeff (Host). Museum Confidential, “The Smithsonian Goes Hip Hop,” NPR. September 16, 2021 (featuring Cey Adams) and Rick Lowe (on the Greenwood Art Project), May 10, 2021
Matsinde, Tapiwa (Host). Behind the Design (Atelier55),
Schumacher, Eunice Nanzala and Laker, Penina Acayo (Hosts). My African Aesthetic, https://podcasts.apple.com/ug/podcast/my-african-aesthetic/id1535650524
Springer, Devyn (Host). Groundings, “The Role of Artists Beyond Celebrity,” November 1, 2020
Stanford, Dawan (Host). Design Thinking 101.
Tejan-Thomas Jr., Saidu, (Host). Resistance, “I Want to Report a Theft,” Gimlet,
Wilbur, Matika (Swinomish and Tulalip) and Keene, Adrienne (Cherokee) (Hosts). All My Relations, “Native Appropriations,” April 17, 2019